Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport – ATL

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL)
Source: Omoo 
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Atlanta
OperatorAtlanta Department of Aviation
ServesAtlanta, Georgia, U.S.
LocationUnincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties; also Atlanta, College Park, and Hapeville, Georgia
Hub forDelta Air Lines
Focus city forFrontier Airlines, Southwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates33°38′12″N 084°25′41″WCoordinates: 33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International AirportAtlanta AirportHartsfield, or Hartsfield–Jackson, is the primary international airport serving Atlanta, Georgia. The airport is located seven miles (11km) south of the Downtown Atlanta district. It is named after former Atlanta mayors William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson. The airport has 192 gates: 152 domestic and 40 international. ATL covers 4,700 acres (1,902 ha) of land and has five parallel runways.

Hartsfield–Jackson is the primary hub of Delta Air Lines, and is a focus city for low-cost carriers Frontier Airlines and Southwest Airlines. With just over 1,000 flights a day to 225 domestic and international destinations, the Delta hub is the world’s largest airline hub. In addition to hosting Delta’s corporate headquarters, Hartsfield–Jackson is also the home of Delta’s Technical Operations Center, which is the airline’s primary maintenance, repair and overhaul arm.

The airport has international service within North America and to South America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. As an international gateway to the United States, Hartsfield–Jackson ranks seventh in international passenger traffic. Many of the nearly one million annual flights are domestic flights; the airport is a major hub for travel in the southeastern region of the country. Atlanta has been the world’s busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998.

The airport is mostly in unincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties, but it spills into the city limits of Atlanta,  College Park,  and Hapeville. The airport’s domestic terminal is served by MARTA’s Red and Gold rail lines.


Atlanta has five runways, all parallel, aligned east–west. 8L/26R and 8R/26L are north of the terminal area and 9L/27R, 9R/27L, and 10/28 are south of it. From north to south the runways are:

Source: FAA Airport Diagrams

Runways 8R/26L and 9L/27R are used for departures as they’re the closest to the mid-field terminals; this reduces the amount of fuel needed to taxi to the runway. Runway 10/28 is assigned to either arrivals or departures, depending on what airfield operations has prioritized.


Aerial photo of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport on March 5, 2010 on approach and showing F concourse under construction
Source: Craig Butz

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport has terminal and concourse space totaling 6.8 million square feet (630,000 m2).  There are two terminals, the Domestic Terminal and the Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal, where passengers check in and claim bags.

The Domestic Terminal is on the western side of the airport. It is divided into two sides – Terminal South and Terminal North – for ticketing, check-in, and baggage claim. Delta is the sole tenant of Terminal South, while all other domestic airlines are located at Terminal North. The portion of the building between Terminal North and Terminal South includes the Atrium, which is a large, open seating area featuring concessionaires, a bank, conference rooms, an interfaith chapel and offices on the upper floors with the main security checkpoint, the Ground Transportation Center and a MARTA station on other levels.

International flights arrive and depart from the international terminal, either concourse E or F, located on the eastern side of the airport. Concourse F and the new international terminal opened May 16, 2012, while concourse E opened in September 1994, in anticipation of the 1996 Summer Olympics. International pre-cleared flights can arrive at concourses T & A–D. International flights can also depart from concourses T and A–D, such as when space is unavailable at concourses E or F, or when an aircraft arrives as a domestic flight and continues as an international flight. Furthermore, all international pre-cleared flights, regardless of origin, will collect their baggage at the international terminal.

The 195 gates are located in seven concourses between the Domestic and International terminals. Concourse T is connected to the Domestic Terminal. The remaining six concourses from west to east are Concourses A, B, C, D, E, and F.  Concourses A–D and T are used for domestic flights, while Concourses E and F are used for international flights and some domestic flights when gates at T or A–D are not available, or when an aircraft arrives as an international flight and continues as a domestic flight. Concourse F is directly connected to the International Terminal, while Concourse E has a designated walkway to the International Terminal and also has its own Federal Inspection station for connecting passengers. Delta Air Lines has gates and Sky Club lounges in all concourses. American Airlines and United Airlines have an Admiral’s Club and a United Club respectively in Concourse T.

When the current passenger terminal opened in 1980, it consisted of only the domestic terminal, the north half of Concourse T (which housed international flights), and concourses A-D. Concourse E opened in 1994 for international flights in time for the 1996 Summer Olympics, which were held in Atlanta.  Once Concourse E was opened, Concourse T was converted to domestic use and the former U.S. Customs hall was converted into a dedicated baggage claim area for American Airlines. Concourse F and the International Terminal opened in 2012.

The terminals and concourses are connected by the Transportation Mall, a pedestrian tunnel with a series of moving walkways,  and The Plane Train, an automated people mover. The Plane Train has stations along the Transportation Mall at the Domestic Terminal (which also serves Concourse T), at each of the six other concourses (including concourse F which is connected to the International Terminal), and at the domestic baggage claim area. The Plane Train is the world’s busiest automated system, with over 64 million riders in 2002.

An Aerial view of Concourse C
Source: Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport

At one time, there was a second underground walkway between Concourses B and C that connected the north ends of the two concourses and made it possible to transfer without returning to the center of the concourse. This was constructed for Eastern Airlines, which occupied these two terminals. This walkway is now closed, and its entrance at Concourse B has been replaced by a bank of arrival/departure monitors.

Ground transportation

The domestic terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 85 at exit 72. The international terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 75 at exit 239. These freeways in turn connect with the following additional freeways within 10 miles: Interstate 285, Interstate 675, Georgia State Route 166, Interstate 20.

Hartsfield–Jackson has its own train station on the city’s rapid transit system, MARTA. The above-ground station is inside in the main building, between the north and south domestic terminals on the west end. The Airport station is currently the southernmost station in the MARTA system, though expansion via metro or commuter rail further south into Clayton County have been discussed.

The Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center, which opened December 8, 2009, houses all ten airport rental agencies with capacity for additional companies. The complex features 9,900 parking spaces split between two four-story parking decks that together cover 2.8 million square feet (260,000 m2), a 137,000-square-foot (12,700 m2) customer service center, and a maintenance center featuring 140 gas pumps and 30 wash bays equipped with a water recovery system. An automated people mover, the ATL SkyTrain, runs between the rental car center, the Domestic Terminal, and the Gateway Center of the Georgia International Convention Center,  while a four-lane roadway that spans Interstate 85 connects the rental car center with the existing airport road network.

Airlines and destinations


Air Canada ExpressToronto–Pearson
Air Choice OneJackson (TN)
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
Alaska AirlinesSeattle/Tacoma
American AirlinesCharlotte, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Washington–National
American EagleCharlotte, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National
Seasonal: Chicago–O’Hare
Boutique AirGreenville (MS), Muscle Shoals
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Delta Air LinesAkron/Canton, Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Allentown, Amsterdam, Appleton, Aruba, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Bermuda, Birmingham (AL), Bogotá, Boise (resumes July 6, 2020), Bonaire, Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Buffalo, Burbank, Burlington (VT), Cancún, Cartagena, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City (IA), Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga,  Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O’Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus–Glenn, Cozumel, Dallas–Love, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Detroit, Düsseldorf, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Gainesville, Grand Cayman, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg,  Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harrisburg, Hartford, Honolulu,  Houston–Hobby, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville (FL), Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kansas City, Key West, Kingston–Norman Manley, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lagos, Las Vegas, Lexington, Liberia (CR), Lima, Little Rock, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madison, Madrid, Managua,  Melbourne (FL), Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mobile, Montego Bay, Monterrey, Munich, Nashville, Nassau, Newark,  New Orleans, Newport News, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario (CA), Orange County, Orlando, Panama City (FL), Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Roanoke, Roatán, Rochester (NY), Rome–Fiumicino, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (Costa Rica), San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon(suspended until May 31), Shanghai–Pudong (suspended through May 31, 2020), Sioux Falls, Spokane (begins July 6, 2020), Stuttgart, Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa,  Tegucigalpa, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson, Tri-Cities (TN), Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, White Plains, Wichita, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Anchorage, Antigua, Barcelona, Bozeman, Dublin, Eagle/Vail, Fargo, Green Bay, Grenada, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Manchester (NH), Milan–Malpensa, Missoula, Montréal–Trudeau, Montrose, Myrtle Beach, Oakland, Palm Springs, Reno/Tahoe, St. Croix, St. Kitts, Venice, Zürich
Delta ConnectionAkron/Canton, Albany (GA), Alexandria, Allentown, Appleton, Asheville,  Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Bloomington/Normal, Brunswick, Burlington (VT), Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (WV), Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus (MS), Dothan, Evansville, Fayetteville/Bentonville,  Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Smith, Fort Wayne, Gainesville, George Town/Exuma, Green Bay, Gulfport/Biloxi, Havana, Hilton Head, Jacksonville (NC), Key West, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lexington, Lincoln, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Montgomery, Montréal–Trudeau, New Bern, Newport News, Peoria, Roanoke, Rochester (MN), Shreveport, South Bend, Springfield/Branson, Tallahassee, Tri-Cities (TN), Tulsa, Valdosta, White Plains, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Aspen, Jackson (MS), Little Rock, Myrtle Beach, North Eleuthera, Traverse City
Frontier AirlinesDenver, Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Los Angeles, Miami, Newark, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham,  Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Juan, Trenton
Seasonal: Austin, Cincinnati, San Antonio, Tampa
JetBlueBoston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK, Orlando
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Southwest AirlinesAustin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Louis, San Antonio, San Diego, Tampa, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Cancún, Charleston (SC) (begins June 7, 2020),  Norfolk (resumes June 7, 2020), Panama City (FL) (begins June 7, 2020),  Punta Cana
Spirit AirlinesAustin, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago–O’Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Philadelphia, Tampa
Seasonal: Atlantic City
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
United AirlinesChicago–O’Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
United ExpressChicago–O’Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Virgin AtlanticLondon–Heathrow, Manchester (UK)
VolarisSeasonal Charter: Cancún (begins May 22, 2020), San José del Cabo (begins 22 May, 2020)


AirBridgeCargo AirlinesAmsterdam, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Amazon AirBaltimore, Ontario
Asiana CargoDallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ASL Airlines BelgiumLiège
CAL Cargo Air LinesLiège
CargoluxChicago–O’Hare, Huntsville, Glasgow–Prestwick, Luxembourg, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Seattle/Tacoma
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong
China Airlines CargoAnchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo AirlinesAnchorage, Chicago–O’Hare, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL AviationCincinnati, Miami
EVA Air CargoAnchorage, Osaka–Kansai, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressFort Lauderdale, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Miami, Newark
Korean Air CargoAnchorage, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurt, Manchester (UK), Miami
Qatar Airways CargoAnchorage, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Pittsburgh
Singapore Airlines CargoChicago–O’Hare, Los Angeles
Turkish Airlines CargoIstanbul–Atatürk, Shannon
UPS AirlinesColumbia (SC), Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Miami, Philadelphia, San Juan

Accidents and incidents

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hartsfield%E2%80%93Jackson_Atlanta_International_Airport