|IATA: ICN ICAO: RKS WMO: 47113|
|Owner||Incheon International Airport Corporation|
|Operator||Incheon International Airport Corporation|
|Serves||Seoul Capital Area|
|Location||Jung District, Incheon, South Korea|
|Hub for||Air BusanAir IncheonAir SeoulAsiana AirlinesEastar JetFedEx ExpressJeju AirJin AirKorean AirPolar Air CargoT’way Air|
|Focus city for||China Eastern AirlinesChina Southern AirlinesThai Airways|
|Elevation AMSL||7 m / 23 ft|
|Coordinates||37°27′48″N 126°26′24″ECoordinates: 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E|
Incheon International Airport (IIA) (Korean: 인천국제공항) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (sometimes referred to as Seoul–Incheon International Airport) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Since 2005, it has been rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International every year. It is also rated as the world’s cleanest airport and the world’s best international transit airport by Skytrax.
The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, an ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens, video game center and a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes 19 minutes and 12 minutes, respectively, as compared to worldwide average of 60 minutes and 45 minutes, respectively, ranking it among the fastest airports in the world for customs processing. Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world’s best for three years in a row in 2013 by Business Traveller. Incheon International Airport also claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate.
The airport opened for business on 29 March 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations and shuttle flights to several East Asian metropolitan areas including Tokyo, Osaka, Beijing, Shanghai, and Taipei.
Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon’s city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu Islands. The two islands were originally separated by shallow sea. That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project, effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon.
The airport holds a record of being ranked the Best Airport Worldwide for 11 consecutive years by the Airports Council International (ACI)’s Airport Service Quality Award from 2005 to 2016, and has also been rated the world’s best among airports of its size (25–40 million passengers) and region (Asia-Pacific) since 2012 due to the institution’s decision to discontinue the Best Airport Worldwide category.
Incheon International Airport’s terminal has 111 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in Terminal 1, 30 in Concourse A (connected to terminal 1), and 37 in Terminal 2.
The airport was constructed to share the demand for air transport in the 21st century and to serve as a hub airport in Northeast Asia.
Incheon International Airport was named the winner of World’s Best Transit Airport in 2020. Terminal 2 at Incheon International Airport was named World’s Best Airport Terminal in 2020.
Terminal 1 (measuring 496,000 square meters) is the largest airport terminal in area in South Korea. Terminal 1 was designed by Curtis W. Fentress, FAIA, RIBA of Fentress Architects. It is 1,060 metres (3,480 ft) long, 149 metres (489 ft) wide, and 33 metres (108 ft) high. Its construction cost was 1.3816 trillion South Korean Won. The terminal has 44 boarding ports (all of which can accommodate the Airbus A380), 50 customs inspection ports, 2 biological quarantine counters, 6 stationary and 14 portable passenger quarantine counters, 120 arrival passport inspection counters, 8 arrival security ports, 28 departure security ports, 252 check in counters, and 120 departure passport inspection counters. In 2015, an automatic check-in counter lane was introduced, where people traveling via Korean Air, Asiana Airlines and China Southern Airlines can use. Instead of having airport staff at the counter, there is a machine where travelers input their flight information, scan their passports, receive their flight tickets and lastly, load the luggage onto the conveyor. This system was planned to be introduced in Terminal 2, but in May 2015 Incheon Airport used one of the counter islands for the unmanned luggage handling system.
The passenger concourse was completed at the end of May 2008. It is connected to Terminal 1 by two parallel 870-metre-long (2,850 ft) underground passageways equipped with IATs (Intra Airport Transit). It has 30 gates and six lounges (Asiana Airlines/Star Alliance, Singapore Airlines/Star Alliance, Japan Airlines/Oneworld, Korean Air/SkyTeam, and China Eastern Airlines/SkyTeam).
A new passenger terminal opened on 18 January 2018, and Korean Air, KLM, Delta Air Lines, and Air France flights were relocated from Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. Other SkyTeam members such as Aeromexico, Alitalia, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, XiamenAir, Czech Airlines and Aeroflot started serving the Terminal 2 on 28 October 2018. Rest of the SkyTeam members, such as Vietnam Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, will be relocated to Terminal 2 after the Phase 4 construction work is complete.
|AirAsia X||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Air Astana||Almaty, Nur-Sultan|
|Air Busan||Cebu, Chengdu, Kaohsiung, Nagoya–Centrair, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Shenzhen, Tokyo–Narita|
|Air Canada||Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver|
|Air China||Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Yanji|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland|
|Air Seoul||Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Kalibo, Kota Kinabalu, Kumamoto, Linyi, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Sapporo–Chitose, Siem Reap, Takamatsu, Tokyo–Narita, Zhangjiajie|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth|
|Asiana Airlines||Almaty, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Clark, Dalian, Da Nang, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Istanbul, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kaohsiung, Koror, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Miyazaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc,] Phuket, Qingdao, Rome–Fiumicino, Saipan, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Sendai, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Venice, Weihai, Xi’an, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai|
|Aurora||Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk|
|Bamboo Airways||Da Nang, Hanoi (begins 1 July 2020), Nha Trang|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|Cebu Pacific||Cebu, Kalibo, Manila|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Eastern Airlines||Changsha, Jinan, Kunming, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Weihai, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai|
|China Southern Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Yanji, Zhengzhou|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Manila (begins 1 June 2020), Minneapolis/St. Paul, Seattle/Tacoma|
|Eastar Jet||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Hualien, Ibaraki, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Miyazaki, Naha, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Puerto Princesa, Saipan, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Zhengzhou|
Seasonal: Phu Quoc, Sapporo–Chitose, Vladivostok, Yantai
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Tokyo–Narita|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|EVA Air||Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|Garuda Indonesia||Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta|
|HK Express||Hong Kong|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Jeju Air||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chiang Mai, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Manila, Matsuyama, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nantong, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phu Quoc, Qingdao, Saipan, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shijiazhuang, Shizuoka, Tagbilaran, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Vientiane, Vladivostok, Weihai, Yanji, Yantai|
|Jetstar Airways||Gold Coast|
|Jin Air||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Kalibo, Kitakyushu, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Saipan, Sapporo–Chitose, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita|
Seasonal: Johor Bahru, Phuket, Vientiane
|Korean Air||Amsterdam, Aomori, Atlanta, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Boston, Brisbane, Budapest , Busan, Cebu, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O’Hare, Clark, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Daegu, Dalian, Dallas/Fort Worth, Da Lat, Da Nang, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guam, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huangshan, Istanbul, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jinan, Kathmandu, Koror, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Malé, Manila, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Mumbai, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Niigata, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Prague, Qingdao, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tel Aviv, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Ulaanbaatar, Vancouver, Vienna, Vladivostok, Washington–Dulles, Weihai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi’an, Yangon, Yanji, Zagreb, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zürich|
Seasonal: Irkutsk, Kagoshima, Komatsu, Phu Quoc, Saint Petersburg, Siem Reap, Ürümqi,
Seasonal Charter: Athens, Krabi, Oslo–Gardermoen, Sanya, Tbilisi, Yerevan
|LOT Polish Airlines||Budapest, Warsaw–Chopin|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|MIAT Mongolian Airlines||Ulaanbaatar|
|Myanmar Airways International||Yangon|
|Pan Pacific Airlines||Cebu, Clark, Kalibo|
|Peach Aviation||Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda|
|Philippine Airlines||Cebu, Manila|
|Philippines AirAsia||Cebu, Clark, Kalibo, Manila|
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|S7 Airlines||Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok|
|Shandong Airlines||Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai|
|Sky Angkor Airlines||Siem Reap|
|Spring Airlines||Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou|
|Thai AirAsia X||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Thai Airways||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|T’way Air||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jinan, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Khabarovsk (begins 2 July 2020), Macau, Naha, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Saipan, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Taichung Tokyo–Narita, Vientiane, Weihai, Wuhan|
Seasonal: Hong Kong, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Oita, Saga, Vladivostok
|United Airlines||San Francisco (resumes 6 July 2020)|
|VietJet Air||Can Tho, Da Lat, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc|
|Vietnam Airlines||Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang|
Charter: Ha Long
|ZIPAIR Tokyo||Tokyo–Narita (begins 1 July 2020)|
|Air China Cargo||Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong|
|Air France Cargo||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|Air Incheon||Hanoi, Jinan, Qingdao, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Yantai, Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk|
|AirBridgeCargo||Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg|
|ANA Cargo||Okinawa–Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|Asiana Cargo||Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Brussels, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Manila, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nagoya–Centrair, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Vienna, Yantai|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Hong Kong, Osaka–Kansai|
|China Cargo Airlines||Shanghai–Pudong|
|China Postal Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Xi’an, Yantai|
|DHL Aviation||Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle, Los Angeles, Singapore|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum, Osaka–Kansai|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Los Angeles, Memphis, Newark, Shanghai–Pudong|
|Korean Air Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Bogotá, Brussels, Budapest, Campinas, Chicago–O’Hare, Chennai, Cheongju, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Navoi, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Qingdao, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Vienna, Xiamen, Zaragoza|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Osaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita|
|Okay Airways Cargo||Tianjin|
|Qantas Freight||Chicago–O’Hare, Sydney|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Sky Lease Cargo||Miami|
|Suparna Airlines||Hangzhou, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tashkent|
|UPS Airlines||Almaty, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Zhengzhou|
|Uzbekistan Airways Cargo||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
On 16 June 2011, Airbus A321-200 Flight 324 operated by Asiana Airlines HL7763 between Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, China and Incheon International Airport was fired upon by two soldiers of the Republic of Korea Marine Corps as it came in to land at Incheon. A total of 99 rounds were discharged at the aircraft, which was out of range and made a safe landing without sustaining any damage. The soldiers had misidentified the aircraft as belonging to the North Korean military, and were acting on orders that gave them permission to engage without reference to senior officers, following the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong in November 2010.
Airport shuttle buses transport passengers between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Buses are free, arrive every 5 to 8 minutes, take approximately 20 minutes travel time, and stop at the Hyatt Hotel or airport fire station in route, depending on direction.
Airport buses are called limousine buses. Standard limousine buses travel to Gimpo Airport & Songjeong station.
Intercity buses connect with other towns and cities in Korea.
The Korea City Air Terminal in Gangnam is linked with the airport through limousine buses.
The Airport Railroad Express (AREX and styled as A’REX) has a station located in the Transport Centre adjacent to the Terminal 1 building and is in the basement of Terminal 2. It provides service to Gimpo International Airport and Seoul. Many of the stations along the line provide connections to Incheon Subway, Seoul Metropolitan Subway, and Incheon Airport Maglev.
For departing passengers, Seoul Station City Airport Terminal has check-in and immigration facilities before arrival at the airport.
The Korea Train eXpress (KTX) operated at the same station as AREX but used a different platform. It operated 20 times per day from the airport; twelve times on the Gyeonbu Line, twice on the Gyeonjeon Line, four times on the Honam Line, and twice on the Jeolla Line. The service started in 2014 but was suspended in March 2018 due to low ridership. The suspension became permanent in September 2018 as the line was officially closed.
The Incheon Airport Maglev opened in February 2016. The first phase is 6.1 km long, spread over six stations, taking riders from the airport toward the south-west of the island where a water park is located. Phase 2 will be 9.7 km long, extending the line to the north-west of the island. Phase 3 will add 37.4 km, transforming the line into a circle.
A ferry service connects Yeongjong-do to the mainland. However, the dock is located a considerable distance from the airport. An alternative means of transport must be sought upon arriving at the island to be able to get to the airport.
The airport provides a short term parking lot for 4,000 cars and a long-term parking lot for 6,000 cars. Shuttle services connect the long-term parking lot to the passenger terminal and the cargo terminal. Car rental is located near the long-term parking lot. A link to the mainland is provided by the toll Yeongjong Bridge and an expressway; A second expressway on the Incheon Bridge also connects the island but to central Incheon.