Seoul Incheon International Airport

Terminal 2
Source: © Arne Müseler
Airport typePublic
OwnerIncheon International Airport Corporation
OperatorIncheon International Airport Corporation
ServesSeoul Capital Area
LocationJung District, Incheon, South Korea
Hub forAir BusanAir IncheonAir SeoulAsiana AirlinesEastar JetFedEx ExpressJeju AirJin AirKorean AirPolar Air CargoT’way Air
Focus city forChina Eastern AirlinesChina Southern AirlinesThai Airways
Elevation AMSL7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates37°27′48″N 126°26′24″ECoordinates: 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E

Incheon International Airport (IIA) (Korean: 인천국제공항) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (sometimes referred to as Seoul–Incheon International Airport) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Since 2005, it has been rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International every year. It is also rated as the world’s cleanest airport and the world’s best international transit airport by Skytrax.

The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, an ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens, video game center and a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes 19 minutes and 12 minutes, respectively, as compared to worldwide average of 60 minutes and 45 minutes, respectively, ranking it among the fastest airports in the world for customs processing. Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world’s best for three years in a row in 2013 by Business Traveller. Incheon International Airport also claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate.

The airport opened for business on 29 March 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations and shuttle flights to several East Asian metropolitan areas including Tokyo, Osaka, Beijing, Shanghai, and Taipei.

Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon’s city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu Islands. The two islands were originally separated by shallow sea. That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project, effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon.

The airport holds a record of being ranked the Best Airport Worldwide for 11 consecutive years by the Airports Council International (ACI)’s Airport Service Quality Award from 2005 to 2016, and has also been rated the world’s best among airports of its size (25–40 million passengers) and region (Asia-Pacific) since 2012 due to the institution’s decision to discontinue the Best Airport Worldwide category.

Incheon International Airport’s terminal has 111 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in Terminal 1, 30 in Concourse A (connected to terminal 1), and 37 in Terminal 2.

The airport was constructed to share the demand for air transport in the 21st century and to serve as a hub airport in Northeast Asia.

Incheon International Airport was named the winner of World’s Best Transit Airport in 2020. Terminal 2 at Incheon International Airport was named World’s Best Airport Terminal in 2020.

Incheon Airport from the air, 2003
Source: ja:file:Incheon International Airport flom Airplane.JPG


Terminal 1

Terminal 1 (measuring 496,000 square meters) is the largest airport terminal in area in South Korea. Terminal 1 was designed by Curtis W. Fentress, FAIA, RIBA of Fentress Architects. It is 1,060 metres (3,480 ft) long, 149 metres (489 ft) wide, and 33 metres (108 ft) high. Its construction cost was 1.3816 trillion South Korean Won. The terminal has 44 boarding ports (all of which can accommodate the Airbus A380), 50 customs inspection ports, 2 biological quarantine counters, 6 stationary and 14 portable passenger quarantine counters, 120 arrival passport inspection counters, 8 arrival security ports, 28 departure security ports, 252 check in counters, and 120 departure passport inspection counters. In 2015, an automatic check-in counter lane was introduced, where people traveling via Korean Air, Asiana Airlines and China Southern Airlines can use. Instead of having airport staff at the counter, there is a machine where travelers input their flight information, scan their passports, receive their flight tickets and lastly, load the luggage onto the conveyor. This system was planned to be introduced in Terminal 2, but in May 2015 Incheon Airport used one of the counter islands for the unmanned luggage handling system.


The passenger concourse was completed at the end of May 2008. It is connected to Terminal 1 by two parallel 870-metre-long (2,850 ft) underground passageways equipped with IATs (Intra Airport Transit). It has 30 gates and six lounges (Asiana Airlines/Star Alliance, Singapore Airlines/Star Alliance, Japan Airlines/Oneworld, Korean Air/SkyTeam, and China Eastern Airlines/SkyTeam).

Terminal 2

Terminal 2

A new passenger terminal opened on 18 January 2018, and Korean Air, KLM, Delta Air Lines, and Air France flights were relocated from Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. Other SkyTeam members such as Aeromexico, Alitalia, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, XiamenAir, Czech Airlines and Aeroflot started serving the Terminal 2 on 28 October 2018. Rest of the SkyTeam members, such as Vietnam Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, will be relocated to Terminal 2 after the Phase 4 construction work is complete.

Future expansion plans for Incheon International Airport
Source: Chugun

Airlines and destinations


AeroméxicoMexico City
AirAsia XKuala Lumpur–International
Air AstanaAlmaty, Nur-Sultan
Air BusanCebu, Chengdu, Kaohsiung, Nagoya–Centrair, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Shenzhen, Tokyo–Narita
Air CanadaToronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air ChinaBeijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Yanji
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
Air IndiaDelhi
Air MacauMacau
Air New ZealandAuckland
Air SeoulDa Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Kalibo, Kota Kinabalu, Kumamoto, Linyi, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Sapporo–Chitose, Siem Reap, Takamatsu, Tokyo–Narita, Zhangjiajie
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth
Asiana AirlinesAlmaty, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Clark, Dalian, Da Nang, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin,  Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Istanbul, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kaohsiung, Koror, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Miyazaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc,] Phuket, Qingdao, Rome–Fiumicino, Saipan, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Sendai, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Venice, Weihai, Xi’an, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai
AuroraKhabarovsk, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Bamboo AirwaysDa Nang, Hanoi (begins 1 July 2020),[29] Nha Trang
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Cathay PacificHong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan
Cebu PacificCebu, Kalibo, Manila
China AirlinesKaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern AirlinesChangsha, Jinan, Kunming, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Weihai, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai
China Southern AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Changsha, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin,  Mudanjiang, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Yanji, Zhengzhou
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Manila (begins 1 June 2020), Minneapolis/St. Paul, Seattle/Tacoma
Eastar JetBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Hualien, Ibaraki, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Miyazaki, Naha, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Puerto Princesa, Saipan, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Phu Quoc, Sapporo–Chitose, Vladivostok, Yantai
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa, Tokyo–Narita
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
EVA AirKaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Garuda IndonesiaDenpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hawaiian AirlinesHonolulu
HK ExpressHong Kong
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong
Jeju AirBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chiang Mai, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Manila, Matsuyama, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nantong, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phu Quoc, Qingdao, Saipan, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shijiazhuang, Shizuoka, Tagbilaran, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Vientiane, Vladivostok, Weihai, Yanji, Yantai
Jetstar AirwaysGold Coast
Jin AirBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Kalibo, Kitakyushu, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Saipan, Sapporo–Chitose, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Johor Bahru, Phuket, Vientiane
Korean AirAmsterdam, Aomori, Atlanta, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Boston, Brisbane, Budapest , Busan, Cebu, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O’Hare, Clark, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Daegu, Dalian, Dallas/Fort Worth, Da Lat, Da Nang, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guam, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huangshan, Istanbul, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jinan, Kathmandu, Koror, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Malé, Manila, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Mumbai, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Niigata, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Prague, Qingdao, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tel Aviv, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Ulaanbaatar, Vancouver, Vienna, Vladivostok, Washington–Dulles, Weihai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi’an, Yangon, Yanji, Zagreb, Zhangjiajie,  Zhengzhou, Zürich
Seasonal: Irkutsk, Kagoshima, Komatsu, Phu Quoc, Saint Petersburg, Siem Reap, Ürümqi,
Seasonal Charter: Athens, Krabi, Oslo–Gardermoen, Sanya, Tbilisi, Yerevan
Lao AirlinesVientiane
LOT Polish AirlinesBudapest, Warsaw–Chopin
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur–International
MIAT Mongolian AirlinesUlaanbaatar
Myanmar Airways InternationalYangon
Pan Pacific AirlinesCebu, Clark, Kalibo
Peach AviationNaha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda
Philippine AirlinesCebu, Manila
Philippines AirAsiaCebu, Clark, Kalibo, Manila
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Qingdao AirlinesQingdao
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan
S7 AirlinesIrkutsk, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok
ScootSingapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Shandong AirlinesJinan, Qingdao, Yantai
Shenzhen AirlinesShenzhen
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Sky Angkor AirlinesSiem Reap
Spring AirlinesShanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou
Thai AirAsia XBangkok–Don Mueang
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
Tianjin AirlinesTianjin
Tigerair TaiwanTaipei–Taoyuan
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
T’way AirBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Clark, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guam, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jinan, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Khabarovsk (begins 2 July 2020), Macau, Naha, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Saipan, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Taichung Tokyo–Narita, Vientiane, Weihai, Wuhan
Seasonal: Hong Kong, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Oita, Saga, Vladivostok
Uni AirTaipei–Taoyuan
United AirlinesSan Francisco (resumes 6 July 2020)
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent
VietJet AirCan Tho,[67] Da Lat, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc
Vietnam AirlinesDa Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang
Charter: Ha Long
Yakutia AirlinesYakutsk
ZIPAIR TokyoTokyo–Narita (begins 1 July 2020)


Air China CargoBeijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
Air France CargoParis–Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong KongHong Kong
Air IncheonHanoi, Jinan, Qingdao, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Yantai, Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk
AirBridgeCargoMoscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
ANA CargoOkinawa–Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana CargoAnchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Brussels, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Manila, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nagoya–Centrair, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Vienna, Yantai
Atlas AirVancouver
CargoluxLuxembourg City
Cathay Pacific CargoHong Kong, Osaka–Kansai
China Cargo AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
China Postal AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Xi’an, Yantai
DHL AviationAnchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle, Los Angeles, Singapore
Emirates SkyCargoDubai–Al Maktoum, Osaka–Kansai
Etihad CargoAbu Dhabi
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Los Angeles, Memphis, Newark, Shanghai–Pudong
Korean Air CargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Bogotá, Brussels, Budapest, Campinas, Chicago–O’Hare, Chennai, Cheongju, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi,[70] Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Navoi, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Qingdao, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Vienna, Xiamen, Zaragoza
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
Nippon Cargo AirlinesOsaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita
Okay Airways CargoTianjin
Qantas FreightChicago–O’Hare, Sydney
Qatar Airways CargoDoha
SF AirlinesZhengzhou
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Sky Lease CargoMiami
Suparna AirlinesHangzhou, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong
Turkish Airlines CargoAlmaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tashkent
UPS AirlinesAlmaty, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Zhengzhou
Uzbekistan Airways CargoTehran–Imam Khomeini
Volga-Dnepr AirlinesKrasnoyarsk
Incheon International Airport Bird’s-eye view
Source: AirportStudio

Accidents and incidents

On 16 June 2011, Airbus A321-200 Flight 324 operated by Asiana Airlines HL7763 between Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, China and Incheon International Airport was fired upon by two soldiers of the Republic of Korea Marine Corps as it came in to land at Incheon. A total of 99 rounds were discharged at the aircraft, which was out of range and made a safe landing without sustaining any damage. The soldiers had misidentified the aircraft as belonging to the North Korean military, and were acting on orders that gave them permission to engage without reference to senior officers, following the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong in November 2010.

Ground transport

Public transport

A deluxe limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul.
A limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound
for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul
Source: Yerbol Nisanbayev


Airport shuttle buses transport passengers between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Buses are free, arrive every 5 to 8 minutes, take approximately 20 minutes travel time, and stop at the Hyatt Hotel or airport fire station in route, depending on direction.

Airport buses are called limousine buses. Standard limousine buses travel to Gimpo Airport & Songjeong station.

Intercity buses connect with other towns and cities in Korea.

The Korea City Air Terminal in Gangnam is linked with the airport through limousine buses.

AREX 2000 series EMU with
commuter train service
Source: Subway06


The Airport Railroad Express (AREX and styled as A’REX) has a station located in the Transport Centre adjacent to the Terminal 1 building and is in the basement of Terminal 2. It provides service to Gimpo International Airport and Seoul. Many of the stations along the line provide connections to Incheon Subway, Seoul Metropolitan Subway, and Incheon Airport Maglev.

For departing passengers, Seoul Station City Airport Terminal has check-in and immigration facilities before arrival at the airport.

The Korea Train eXpress (KTX) operated at the same station as AREX but used a different platform. It operated 20 times per day from the airport; twelve times on the Gyeonbu Line, twice on the Gyeonjeon Line, four times on the Honam Line, and twice on the Jeolla Line. The service started in 2014 but was suspended in March 2018 due to low ridership. The suspension became permanent in September 2018 as the line was officially closed.

The Incheon Airport Maglev opened in February 2016. The first phase is 6.1 km long, spread over six stations, taking riders from the airport toward the south-west of the island where a water park is located. Phase 2 will be 9.7 km long, extending the line to the north-west of the island. Phase 3 will add 37.4 km, transforming the line into a circle.

Incheon Airport rail terminal for
AREX and formerly KTX
Source: Ken Eckert


A ferry service connects Yeongjong-do to the mainland. However, the dock is located a considerable distance from the airport. An alternative means of transport must be sought upon arriving at the island to be able to get to the airport.


The airport provides a short term parking lot for 4,000 cars and a long-term parking lot for 6,000 cars. Shuttle services connect the long-term parking lot to the passenger terminal and the cargo terminal. Car rental is located near the long-term parking lot. A link to the mainland is provided by the toll Yeongjong Bridge and an expressway; A second expressway on the Incheon Bridge also connects the island but to central Incheon.