Shanghai Pudong International Airport

Airport exterior
Source:  Mintchocicecream at English Wikipedia
Airport typePublic
OperatorShanghai Airport Authority
LocationPudong, Shanghai
Hub forPassenger Air China China Eastern Airlines China Southern Airlines Juneyao Airlines Shanghai Airlines Spring Airlines Cargo China Cargo Airlines China Southern Cargo DHL Aviation FedEx Express UPS Airlines Suparna Airlines
Focus city forHainan Airlines
Elevation AMSL4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates31°08′36″N 121°48′19″ECoordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is one of the two international airports in Shanghai and a major aviation hub of East Asia. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the city’s other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights in East Asia. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团公司, SSE: 600009).

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as secondary hub for China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for FedEx, UPS and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is reportedly the largest express hub in Asia.

Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four operational parallel runways. A third passenger terminal has been planned since 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, which will raise its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tons of freight.

Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,703,431 metric tons handled in 2017, the airport is the world’s third-busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 74,006,331 passengers in 2018, making it the third-busiest airport in China after Beijing Capital and Hong Kong Airport, fifth-busiest in Asia, and the eighth-busiest in the world. It is also the busiest international gateway of mainland China, with 35.25 million international passengers.[By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.

Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub in China, and about half of its total passenger traffic is international. Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport by Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station. There are also airport buses connecting it with the rest of the city.

Interior of the check-in hall
Source: kallerna


The airport has 162 boarding bridges(T1-31 T2-41 Satellite terminal-90) along with 189 remote gates. Four runways are parallel to the terminals (four operational): one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400) , two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225) , and two 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runways with 4F rating .

Pudong airport currently has four runways. Rwy 35L/17R and Rwy 34R/16L are mostly used for landing while Rwy 35R/17L and Rwy 34L/16R are mostly used for takeoff. Runway 15/33 is not in operation.

Terminal 1

The interior of Terminal 1
Source: WiNG

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000-metre runway and a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport’s traffic. The exterior of Terminal 1 is shaped like a seagull, and has 28 gates, 13 of which are double-decker gates. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covers an area of 280,000 square metres.

The gates for Terminal 1 is 1–12, 14–32 (linked with jetway), while the remote gates are 200-203 251-258(Domestic), 208-212 213-216(International).

Terminal 2

Interior of Terminal 2
Source: ActivBowser9177

Terminal 2, opened to public and officially opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, is capable of handling 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tons of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like Terminal 1, although it more closely resembles a wave, and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more floor areas than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.

The gates for Terminal 2 are 50–65, 67–79, 80–98 (Note that gates 58–90 are used by both the C gates (used for domestic flights) and the D gates (used for international flights). The gates between gates 65–79 are only odd numbered (65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79). Gates 50–57 and gates 92–98 are used for C gates only. The remote gates for Terminal 2 are C219-C224 for domestic and D228-D232 for international.

Satellite concourses

Construction on an additional satellite concourse facility that could accommodate further gates and terminal space started on December 29, 2015 and was inaugurated in September 2019. It is the largest stand-alone satellite terminal in the world. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 90 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses.Both S1 and S2 are connected together and these will be connected by an underground automated people mover to the current T1 and T2 terminals. Gates for Domestic flights are labelled H in both S1 and S2 terminal,While G is labelled for International flights gates in both S1 and S2 terminal.

The gates for S1 terminal are H101-H147 for domestic flights(remote gates are H501-H502), G101-G108 G114-G123 G133-G147 for international arrivals,G101-G102 G115-G123 G133-G140 for international departures(remote gates are G551-G552).

The gates for S2 terminal are H148-H190 for domestic flights(remote gates are (H601-H602), G148-G145 G166-G177 G183-G190 for international arrivals, G150-G154 G167-G174 G189-G190 for international departures(remote gates are G651-G652)

Gates 101-102 115-123 133-140(S1) 150-154 167-174 189-190(S2) can be used for both international and domestic arrivals and departures,Gates 103-108 114 141-147(S1) 148-149 155 166 175-177 183-190(S2) can be used for both domestic arrivals and departures,but can only be used for international arrivals.Gates 109-113 124-132(S1) 156-165 178-182(S2) can only be used for domestic departures and arrivals.

A380/B747-800 stands

Gates that can accommodate the A380/B747-8 are 24(T1) 71,75(T2) 119,121(S1) 504-507(remote stands near S1,on taxiway L02,between taxiway P3 and south of P2) 168,170,173(S2)

A-CDM implementation

The airport has been using the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) developed by the aviation data service company VariFlight since January 2017. The system is aimed to improve on-time performance and safety of the airport’s operations. By June 2017, Shanghai Pudong airport recorded 62.7% punctuality rate, which was a 15% increase compared to the same period previous year.

Airlines and destinations


AirAsia XKuala Lumpur–International
Air CanadaMontréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air ChinaBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyuan,  Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Sendai, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Wenzhou, Xi’an, Xichang, Yinchuan
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
Air IndiaDelhi, Mumbai
Air MacauMacau
Air MauritiusMauritius
Air New ZealandAuckland
All Nippon AirwaysOsaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles
Asiana AirlinesBusan, Seoul–Incheon
Austrian AirlinesVienna
Beijing Capital AirlinesLijiang
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Cambodia Angkor AirPhnom Penh, Siem Reap
Cathay DragonHong Kong
Cathay PacificHong Kong
Cebu PacificCebu, Kalibo, Manila
Chengdu AirlinesChengdu
China AirlinesKaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern AirlinesAmsterdam, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O’Hare, Chifeng, Chongqing, Clark, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Daegu, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hami,  Hanamaki,[ Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu (ends 18 June 2020), Huai’an, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiagedaqi, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jinzhou,  Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Madrid, Malé, Mandalay, Manila, Matsuyama,  Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Muan, Mudanjiang, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Tongren, Toronto–Pearson, Urumqi, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi’an, Xichang, Xingyi,  Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yangon, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yingkou, Yongzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Brisbane, Stockholm–Arlanda
China Southern AirlinesBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Mangshi, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai, Pattaya–U-Tapao, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xining, Yanji, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Aksu
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
China United AirlinesBeijing–Daxing, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
Donghai AirlinesQuanzhou
Eastar JetCheongju, Jeju, Seoul–Incheon
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
EVA AirKaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Fuzhou AirlinesFuzhou
Garuda IndonesiaDenpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hainan AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Boston, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot,  Seattle/Tacoma, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Weifang, Xi’an
Hebei AirlinesShijiazhuang
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong 
Japan AirlinesNagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Jetstar JapanTokyo–Narita
Jin AirJeju
Juneyao AirlinesBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bayannur, Beihai, Cebu, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha,  Changzhi, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Hanzhong, Harbin, Helsinki, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huizhou, Jeju, Jinchang, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang,  Linfen, Longyan, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Songyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tongliao, Tongren, Ulanqab, Urumqi, Vladivostok, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi’an,  Xiangyang, Xining, Yinchuan, Yonago, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei
Seasonal: Irkutsk
Korean AirBusan, Seoul–Incheon
Kunming AirlinesKunming
Lao AirlinesVientiane
Lion AirDenpasar/Bali, Manado
Lucky AirKunming
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Mahan AirTehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia AirlinesKota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
NokScootBangkok–Don Mueang
PeachOsaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda
Philippine AirlinesManila
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Philippines AirAsiaKalibo, Manila
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Qingdao AirlinesQingdao
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan
S7 AirlinesVladivostok
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen
Shandong AirlinesHarbin, Qingdao, Xiamen, Zhuhai
Shanghai AirlinesAnshan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Budapest, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu,  Chiang Mai, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hengyang, Hong Kong, Jieyang, Jining, Jinzhou, Karamay, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Linfen, Linyi, Macau, Melbourne,  Mianyang, Nanning, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai, Rizhao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei–Songshan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Toyama, Turpan, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xi’an,  Xinzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Krabi, Malé
Shenzhen AirlinesNanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Saipan, Sanya, Xi’an
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Sky Angkor AirlinesSihanoukville
Spring AirlinesAnshun, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Jieyang, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Lanzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Takamatsu, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Yangon, Zhangjiajie
Spring Airlines JapanTokyo–Narita
SriLankan AirlinesColombo–Bandaranaike
Sriwijaya AirCharter: Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Suparna AirlinesGuilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Sanya, Quanzhou, Zhuhai
Swiss International Air LinesZürich
Thai AirAsia XBangkok–Don Mueang
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion AirBangkok–Don Mueang, Phuket
Tianjin AirlinesDalian, Haikou, Meixian, Tianjin, Weihai
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
T’way AirDaegu
United AirlinesChicago–O’Hare (resumes September 8, 2020), Los Angeles (resumes September 8, 2020), Newark (resumes June 4, 2020), San Francisco (resumes June 4, 2020)
Vietnam AirlinesDa Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang
Virgin AtlanticLondon–Heathrow
West AirChongqing, Quanzhou
XiamenAirDalian, Quanzhou, Tianjin
Shanghai Pudong International Airport Chart
Source: Civil Aviation Administration of China


AirBridgeCargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Chennai, Chicago–O’Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi, Yekaterinburg
Air China CargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Liège, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
ANA CargoNaha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana CargoSeoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines BelgiumChongqing, Liège, Singapore
Cathay Pacific CargoChengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
China Airlines CargoTaipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo AirlinesAmsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza
China Postal AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen
China Southern CargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O’Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlas Air
Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Kalitta Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O’Hare
DHL Aviation
operated by Polar Air Cargo
Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
DHL Aviation
operated by Southern Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O’Hare
Emirates SkyCargoDubai–Al Maktoum, Kabul
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Bangalore
Etihad CargoAbu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai
EVA Air CargoTaipei–Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Manila, Memphis, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Hong Kong Airlines CargoHong Kong, Xiamen
Iran Air CargoTehran–Imam Khomeini
Korean Air CargoAnchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargoKota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney
MNG AirlinesAlmaty, Istanbul–Atatürk
National Airlines (N8)Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo AirlinesTokyo–Narita
Qantas CargoAnchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney
Qatar Airways CargoDoha
Saudia CargoBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
SF AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen
Singapore Airlines CargoSingapore
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Suparna AirlinesAktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O’Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi
Turkish AirlinesAlmaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS AirlinesAnchorage, Cologne, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin
Uzbekistan AirwaysOstrava (logistic partner EGT Express)
Volga-Dnepr AirlinesNovosibirsk

Ground transportation


A maglev train departing Pudong airport
Source: Alex Needham (own photography) on en.wikipedia

Maglev train

All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.

Shanghai Metro Line 2

Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People’s Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour, while a trip to Hongqiao International Airport takes about 1.5 hour.

The east extension of Line 2 used to run in an independent pattern between Guanglan Road and Pudong Airport, in which the train would not run west of Guanglan Road and passengers had to transfer at this station. The regular service between Songhong Road and Pudong Airport started in April 2019, allowing passengers to access the city center without the extra transfer. The regular service completely replaced the independent east extension service in October of the same year when the four-carriage trainsets special for the service started to be transformed into eight-carriage trainsets for the regular service.

Future plan

The plan for building a new commuter railway line connecting the airport with Hongqiao Airport, Airport Link, has been formally established in 2015 and approved in December 2018 by National Development and Reform Commission. This railway starts from Shanghai East railway station under planning, via Disneyland, Zhangjiang and Sanlin in Pudong, Huajing in Xuhui and Qibao in Minhang. It will use the unused area in Hongqiao Railway Station originally for Maglev for its station at Hongqiao Transportation Hub.

Airport buses

A Shanghai Pudong Airport Bus Expressway
Source: S37

Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.

Terminal 1 of Shanghai Pudong International Airport from Pudong International Airport Station (Shanghai Maglev
Source: そらみみ

Accidents and incidents