|IATA: MEX ICAO: MMMX LID: ME1|
|Owner||Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México|
|Operator||Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares|
|Serves||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Location||Venustiano Carranza, Mexico City|
|Hub for||Aeromar Aeroméxico Aeroméxico Connect Interjet Magnicharters Volaris AeroUnion (cargo) Mas Air (cargo)|
|Focus city for||Air France Cargo (cargo) VivaAerobús|
|Elevation AMSL||7,316 ft / 2,230 m|
|Coordinates||19°26′10″N 099°04′19″WCoordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W|
Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico’s and Latin America’s busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area. The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico. In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.
This airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers. As the main hub for Mexico’s largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris, and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on four continents. In 2018, the airport handled 47,700,547 passengers, a 6.6% increase compared to 2017.
Operating near the limits of its capacity, calls for replacing the airport were announced in September 2014, with the proposed location to be built 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec. In January 2019, construction of the new airport was cancelled.
Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner’s landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.
Aerial view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2. The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 –22:59). Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, for this reason, only government, military, commercial and specially authorised aircraft are allowed to use the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.
Construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014, who said that it would be “emblemático”: a national symbol, replacing the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It was to have a single terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) and four of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft). The architects were Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.
Construction was to take eight years, costing 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion U.S. dollars, depending on the source, on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport. The terminal was to be sustainable, aiming at a LEED Platinum certification. The project was cancelled on October 30, 2018 following a referendum. The costs of cancellation are estimated at over US$5 billion.
Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.
Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.
Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.
These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.
Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline’s main distribution centre. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.
The proposed construction of a Terminal 3 was canceled during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. It is estimated that it will take three or four years to bring the number of flights back to 2019 levels, by which time the General Felipe Ángeles International Airport in Santa Lucía, Zumpango, State of Mexico will be open.
Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property., Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares. The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport. Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.
The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international. Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet.
|Aeromar||Acapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Lázaro Cárdenas, Manzanillo, McAllen, Oaxaca, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Saltillo, San Luis Potosí, Tamuín, Tepic, Veracruz|
|Aeroméxico||Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Chicago–O’Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Denver, Detroit, Guadalajara, Havana, Hermosillo, Las Vegas, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tijuana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Villahermosa|
|Aeroméxico Connect||Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal , Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz (Mexico), León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Tampico, Tapachula, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas|
|Air Canada Rouge||Toronto–Pearson|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Narita|
|American Airlines||Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor|
|Avianca El Salvador||San Salvador|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City|
|Cubana de Aviación||Havana|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City|
|Interjet||Acapulco, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Cartagena, Chetumal, Chicago–O’Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Havana, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Salvador, Santa Clara, Tampico, Tijuana, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Vancouver, Veracruz, Villahermosa|
|LATAM Brasil||São Paulo–Guarulhos|
|LATAM Chile||Santiago de Chile|
|Magnicharters||Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo|
Seasonal: Cozumel, Manzanillo
|United Airlines||Chicago–O’Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles|
|VivaAerobus||Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa, Zacatecas|
Charter: Havana, Varadero
|Volaris||Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O’Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Colima, Cozumel, Culiacán, Denver, Durango, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Oakland, Oaxaca, Orlando, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Salvador, Tapachula, Tepic, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz|
|Volaris Costa Rica||Guatemala City, San José de Costa Rica|
^1 Turkish Airlines’s flight from Mexico City to Istanbul makes a stop in Cancún, however the airline doesn’t have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Cancún.
In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:
As of January 2020, Mexico City airport is served by 21 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East, Africa and East Asia. The following airlines operate the scheduled destinations below.
|ABX Air||Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles|
|AeroUnion||Chicago–O’Hare, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Miami, Monterrey|
|Air France Cargo||Atlanta, Guadalajara, Houston–Intercontinental, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto|
|CAL Cargo Air Lines||Liège|
|Cargolux||Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York–JFK|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles|
|DHL Aviation||Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles|
Seasonal: Guatemala City
|Emirates SkyCargo||Copenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Quito, Zaragoza|
|Estafeta Air Cargo||San Luis Potosí, Villahermosa|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa, Los Angeles, Miami, Zaragoza|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Chicago O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York–JFK|
|Mas Air||Bogotá, Campinas–Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Los Angeles, Manaus, Mérida, Miami, San José de Costa Rica|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Atlanta, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Macau, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Zaragoza|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Bogotá, Curaçao, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht, Madrid|
Airlines providing on-demand cargo services
Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain’s speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also there is a land service between terminals called “inter-terminal transportation”. These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.
Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to [[Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, [[A and numerous local buses.
Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here, and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.
In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 included a two-step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Colonia Buenavista and San Lázaro Metro station. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012 with two stations, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.
Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorised by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.