Newark Liberty International Airport

Newark Liberty International Airport, taken from Continental Flight 99 on a Boeing 777-200ER.
Source: Fan Railer (talk)
Airport typePublic
OwnerNewark and Elizabeth, New Jersey
OperatorPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
ServesNew York metropolitan area, and Philadelphia metropolitan area
LocationNewark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, U.S.
Hub forFedEx Express United Airlines
Focus city forFrontier Airlines
Elevation AMSL17.4 ft / 5 m
Coordinates40°41′33″N 074°10′07″WCoordinates: 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W

Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR, FAA LID: EWR), originally Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport straddling the boundary between the cities of Newark and Elizabeth in Essex County and Union County, New Jersey. It is one of the major airports of the New York metropolitan area. The airport is currently owned jointly by the cities of Elizabeth and Newark and leased to and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

Newark Airport is located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Downtown Newark, and 9 miles (14 km) west-southwest of the borough of Manhattan. It is one of three major airports serving the New York metropolitan area; the others are John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, which are also operated by the Port Authority.

Sandwiched between Interstate 95 and Interstate 78 (both components of the New Jersey Turnpike), as well as U.S. Routes 1 and 9, the airport handles more flights (though not as many passengers) than John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), despite being 40 percent of JFK’s land size. The City of Newark built the airport on 68 acres (28 ha) of marshland in 1928 and the Army Air Corps operated the facility during World War II. After the Port Authority took it over in 1948, an instrument runway, a terminal building, a control tower and an air cargo center were added. The airport’s original 1935 central terminal building is a National Historic Landmark. EWR employs more than 24,000 people.

In 2017, EWR was the sixth busiest airport in the United States by international passenger traffic and fifteenth busiest airport in the country. It served 43,393,499 passengers in 2017, which made EWR the forty-third busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic. In 2019, the airport saw 46,336,452 passengers, the most in its history.

Newark serves 50 carriers and is the third-largest hub for United Airlines, the airport’s largest tenant (operating in all three of Newark’s terminals), and FedEx Express, its second-largest tenant (operating in three buildings on two million square feet of airport property). During the 12-month period ending in July 2014, over 68% of all passengers at the airport were carried by United Airlines.

Terminal C viewed from above
Source: Nicolas Jehly 



The airport covers 2,027 acres (820 ha) and has three runways and one helipad:

Runway 11/29 is one of the three runways built during World War II. In 1952 Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed and a new Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) opened at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m). After 1970 this runway was extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally reached its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R opened in 1970 at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current length by 2000.

All approaches except Runway 29 have Instrument Landing Systems and Runway 4R is certified for Category III approaches. Runway 22L had been upgraded to CAT III approach capability.

Runway 4L/22R is primarily used for takeoffs while 4R/22L is primarily used for landings and 11/29 is used by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark’s parallel runways (4L and 4R) are 950 feet (290 m) apart, the fourth smallest separation of major airports in the U.S., after San Francisco International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport and Seattle–Tacoma International Airport.

Unlike the other two major New York-area airports, JFK and LaGuardia, which are located directly next to large bodies of water (Jamaica Bay and the East River, respectively) and whose runways extend at least partially out into them, Newark Liberty, while located just across Interstate 95 from Newark Bay and not far from the Hudson River, does not directly front upon either body of water, so the airport and its runways are completely land-locked.

All of Newark’s runways have displaced thresholds. Runways 4L/22R and 4R/22L have long displaced thresholds and often passenger aircraft will take off just at the threshold of the runway.


Terminals A and B

Terminal A at night in 2005
Source: Tom Murphy VII

Newark Liberty has three passenger terminals with a total of 110 gates. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. In terminal A, ticket counters are on the top floor, baggage carousels are on the second floor and parking is on the first floor. In Terminal B ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Aer Lingus, Delta Air Lines and Icelandair counters and first-floor British Airways, Level, and Spirit Airlines. Baggage carousels are on the first floor for domestic arrivals and on the second floor for international arrivals. Terminal B also has an international arrivals lounge on the second floor. Finally, gates and shops are on the third floor of both terminals. There is one United Club in Terminal A’s second concourse.

Terminal A handles only domestic and Canadian flights served by JetBlue (including flights to the Caribbean), Air Canada, Air Canada Express, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, American Eagle; and some United Express (i.e., ultra-short haul) flights.

Terminal B exclusively handles foreign carriers; and also handles flights from the Caribbean through JetBlue, other carriers, such as Delta Airlines, Delta Connection, Sun Country, Elite Airways, Allegiant Air, Frontier Airlines and Spirit Airlines flights, and some of United’s international arrivals.

On March 18, 2020, Virgin Atlantic abruptly terminated flights to Newark amid the amid the outbreak of COVID-19. This is significant as their first route was from London to Newark, marking the end of an era. The Virgin Atlantic clubhouse also closed its doors leaving room for a new carrier to come in and build a lounge in Concourse B2.

Terminal C

Interior of the remodeled Terminal C
Source: Jared and Corin

Terminal C, designed by Grad Associates and completed in 1988, has two ticketing levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in. The main terminal building for Terminal C was built alongside Terminals A and B in the 1970s, but lay dormant until People Express Airlines took it over as a replacement for the former North Terminal when the airline’s hub there outgrew the old facility. Upon opening, Terminal C had 41 gates, one departures level, one arrivals level, and an underground parking garage. The gates, and food and shopping outlets are located on a mezzanine level between the two check-in floors. Terminal C has multiple gates that can handle wide-body aircraft and narrow body aircraft. Gates C123 and C138 have two jet bridges, often used for Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Boeing 777 aircraft. During peak hours between 4-9pm, all gates are full and completely scheduled. During this time gate availability often becomes scarce leading to delays for arriving and departing aircraft. When departing flights don’t have a gate due to their wingspan, United will often put the flight at a smaller gate for the time during the delay, then move the flight to a wide-body gate once it becomes available.

Terminal C has 1 United Club and 1 “pop-up” United Club located throughout the terminal, and one United Polaris Lounge located in between Concourse C2 and Concourse C3. United is currently in the process of building the largest United Club in their network at Newark Airport. The club will be located in Concourse C3 on the upper level next to Gate C123.

Terminal C is exclusively for United Airlines and its regional carrier United Express for their global hub.

More Information on the terminals

From 1998 to 2003, Terminal C was rebuilt and expanded in a $1.2 billion program known as the Continental Airlines Global Gateway Project. The project, which was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, doubled the available space for outbound travelers as the former baggage claim/arrivals hall was remodeled and turned into a second departures level. Probably most significant was the addition of International Concourse C-3, a spacious and airy new facility with capacity for a maximum of 19 narrowbody aircraft (or 12 widebody planes). Completion of this new concourse increased Terminal C’s mainline jet gates to 57. Concomitant with Concourse C-3 is a new international arrivals facility. Also included in the project: a 3,400-space parking garage constructed in front of the terminal, a new airside corridor connecting Concourses C-1, C-2 and C-3, a new President’s Club — now called United Polaris Lounge — for international Polaris Business and Polaris First flights between C-2 and C-3, and all-new baggage processing facilities, including reconstruction of the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim and arrivals hall.

In 2008, Terminal B was renovated to increase capacity for departing passengers and passenger comfort. The renovations included expanding and updating the ticketing areas, building a new departure level for domestic flights and building a new arrivals hall.

Each terminal has three concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2 and A3. Gate numbering starts in Terminal A with Gate 10 and ends in Terminal C with Gate 139. Wayfinding signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar, who also designed signage for LaGuardia and JFK Airports.

Terminal A is the only terminal that has no immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.

Following the business model of the Port Authority’s other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal C is operated by United Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Port Authority. Terminal A is operated by EWR Terminal One LLC, part of Flughafen München GmbH.

In January 2012, Port Authority executive director Patrick Foye said $350 million would be spent on Terminal B, addressing complaints by passengers that they cannot move freely. That renovation is currently underway. Foye also said a new Terminal A may be built.

Further developments were made in Terminal B when the Port Authority installed new LED fixtures in 2014. The LED fixtures developed by Sensity Systems, use wireless network capabilities to collect and feed data into the software that can spot long lines, recognize license plates, and identify suspicious activity and alert the appropriate staff.

New York City and Jersey City skylines behind the airport
Source: Florian Pépellin

In November 2014, airport amenity manager OTG announced a new $120 million renovation plan for terminal C that includes installing 6,000 iPads and 55 new restaurants headed by celebrity chefs, with the first new restaurants opening in summer of 2015 and the whole project completed in 2016.

The airport has 121 gates in the three terminals. Terminal A has 29 gates, Terminal B has 24 gates, and Terminal C has 68 gates.

Each terminal has three concourses. Terminal A concourse one is used by Air Canada and JetBlue. Gates A10, A14, and A15 are common use gates. Airlines likely that use the gates are JetBlue and Air Canada. Concourse two is used exclusively by United Express, and Concourse three is used by Alaska Airlines and American Airlines. Gate A30 in this concourse is used by JetBlue. Terminal B Concourse B1 has 9 gates, Six used by Delta Air Lines, two used by Spirit, and one common use gate, Gate B40 which is also a tow gate. The other two concourses in Terminal B consist of 15 common use gates that feed out into the Customs facilities. Most airlines usually use the same gates however gate assignments change on occasion. Concourse B2 has 5 gates capable of handling wide body aircraft. Gate B51 which is a tow gate can handle up to a Boeing 767-300/400ER aircraft. Gate 52 can handle up to a 737-900ER aircraft. Gates 53, 54, and 55 can handle up to a 747 sized aircraft. Gate 56 can handle up to a 767-300/400ER aircraft. Gate 57 is also a tow gate and can handle up to a 757-200/300 aircraft. Concourse B3 has 8 gates and 5 wide body gates. Gate B60 can handle up to a 767-300ER aircraft. Gate B61 can handle up to a 757-200/300 aircraft. Gate 62 is the largest gate available in Terminal B, Lufthansa uses this gate to accommodate their daily 747-8 flight. Gate 63, 65, 67, and 68 are all wide body gates. When gate 67 is in use for a wide body aircraft, gate 66 is not available. Gate 68 is a tight tow gate and can handle up to an Airbus A330-300/Boeing 787-8/9 aircraft. Terminal C also has three concourses which are all connected and can be accessed post-security. It is used exclusively by United Airlines. All concourses have wide body gates (71, 74, 75, 90, 98, 102, 108, 110, 120, 121, 123, 125, 126, 128, 135, 136, and 138). United Airlines recently installed dual jet bridges on Gates C123 and C138 to accommodate the Boeing 777-300ER and Boeing 787-10 aircraft. Gates 120-138 can handle international arrivals. Gate 120 is a tow gate.

As of 2019, a new terminal, Terminal One, is in the process of being built. It will be situated on the south end of the airport and will consist of one large departure area. New roadways will be built as well as a new air train, which will connect Terminal One to Terminals B and C. Terminal One will consist of 33 common-use gates, meaning no gate will be exclusively used by a single air carrier. There are discussions as to whether to build a federal inspections facility in the terminal. This would also include dual jet bridges on at least three wide body gates. The new terminal will be managed by Munich Airport Group through EWR Terminal One LLC, though it is being built as a Port Authority project. Air carriers that will utilize Terminal One include Air Canada operating E-175, Airbus A319/A320, and Boeing 787-9 aircraft, Alaska Airlines operating Boeing 737-900ER aircraft, American Airlines operating a mix of 737 and Airbus aircraft, Frontier Airlines operating Airbus A320 aircraft, Jetblue Airways operating A320 aircraft, and United Express. A new Terminal B may be built as well, being named Terminal Two.

Airlines and destinations


Aer LingusDublin
Air CanadaCalgary, Vancouver
Air Canada ExpressMontréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson
Air ChinaBeijing–Capital
Air IndiaDelhi, Mumbai
Alaska AirlinesLos Angeles, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma
Allegiant AirAsheville, Cincinnati, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Savannah
Seasonal: Knoxville
American AirlinesCharlotte, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
American EagleChicago–O’Hare
Austrian AirlinesVienna
Avianca El SalvadorSan Salvador
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Cathay PacificHong Kong
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City
Delta ConnectionBoston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Raleigh/Durham
El AlTel Aviv
Elite AirwaysSeasonal: Vero Beach (FL)
EmiratesAthens, Dubai–International
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa, Lomé
French BeeParis–Orly (begins June 10, 2020)
Frontier AirlinesAtlanta (Resumes June 18, 2020), Cancún (Resumes June 25, 2020), Chicago–O’Hare (begins June 18, 2020), Denver (begins June 18, 2020), Fort Myers (begins July 2, 2020), Las Vegas (Resumes June 18th, 2020), Miami, Myrtle Beach (begins July 2, 2020), Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor (Resumes November 12, 2020), Raleigh/Durham (begins June 19, 2020), San Juan (Resumes June 18, 2020), Tampa (Resumes June 18, 2020), West Palm Beach (begins July 16, 2020),
JetBlueBarbados, Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Tampa, West Palm Beach
Jet2.comSeasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester (UK), Newcastle upon Tyne
La CompagnieParis–Orly
Seasonal: Nice
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Rzeszów
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Porter AirlinesToronto–Billy Bishop
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Spirit AirlinesAtlanta, Austin, Charlotte, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Myrtle Beach, Nashville,[93] New Orleans, Orlando, San Juan, Tampa
Sun Country AirlinesMinneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Madison
Swiss International Air LinesZurich
TAP Air PortugalLisbon, Porto
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul (begins June 26, 2020)
United AirlinesAguadilla, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital (resumes July 6, 2020), Berlin–Brandenburg (begins November 9, 2020), Berlin–Tegel, Bogotá, Bonaire, Boston, Brussels (resumes July 6, 2020), Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O’Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi (resumes July 6, 2020), Denver, Dublin (resumes July 6, 2020),] Edinburgh, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Guatemala City, Hong Kong (resumes August 3, 2020), Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montego Bay, Mumbai (resumes September 8, 2020), Munich (resumes August 3, 2020), Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle (resumes June 5, 2020), Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Rome–Fiumicino, St. Maarten, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos (resumes July 6, 2020), Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong (resumes June 4, 2020), Tampa, Tel Aviv, Tokyo–Haneda (begins August 3, 2020), Tokyo–Narita (resumes June 5, 2020), Washington–Dulles, West Palm Beach, Zurich
Seasonal: Anchorage, Athens, Belize City, Bermuda, Bozeman, Cape Town, Cozumel, Curaçao, Eagle/Vail, Glasgow, Grand Cayman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Liberia (CR), Montrose, Myrtle Beach, Naples, Nice (begins July 1, 2020), Palermo, Porto, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflavík, St. Kitts, St. Thomas, Sacramento, San Salvador, Shannon, Stockholm–Arlanda, Vancouver, Venice
United ExpressAlbany, Atlanta, Austin, Bangor, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Halifax, Havana, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Key West, Knoxville, Louisville, Madison, Memphis,  Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk, Omaha, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Presque Isle, Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, Sarasota, Savannah, Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Asheville, Hilton Head, Miami, Myrtle Beach, Nantucket, Oklahoma City, Pensacola, Rapid City, Traverse City
VivaAerobusSeasonal: Cancún


Amerijet InternationalOrlando, San Juan
DHL AviationCincinnati
FedEx ExpressAllentown, Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O’Hare, Cleveland, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Nashville, Norfolk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pittsburgh, Washington–Dulles
FedEx FeederAlbany (NY), Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Harrisburg, Plattsburgh, Providence, Syracuse, Washington–Dulles
UPS AirlinesAnchorage, Chicago/Rockford, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Hartford, London–Stansted, Louisville, Ontario, Tokyo–Narita
EWR airport diagram
Source: Federal Aviation Administration

Airport information

Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signage throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities. New York City traffic reporter Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport’s radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.

The airport has the IATA designation EWR, rather than a designation that begins with the letter ‘N’ because the designator of “NEW” is already assigned to Lakefront Airport in New Orleans, LA, and because the Department of the Navy uses three-letter identifiers beginning with N for its purposes. The airport has no official area to view flight traffic, but the IKEA of Elizabeth (located on the East side of the New Jersey Turnpike) may be used as an unofficial vantage point for aircraft both departing and landing.


Within the Newark Liberty International Airport complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on airport property. Shuttle vans operate between the hotel and terminals because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and there is no official walking route to the terminals, despite the Marriott’s immediate proximity to the main parking lot between the terminals.

Albert Einstein at Newark Airport in April 1939
Source: Lou Shornick

Accidents and incidents

Source: wikipedia