|IATA: TXL ICAO: EDDT|
|Operator||Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH|
|Location||Reinickendorf borough, Berlin, Germany|
|Focus city for||easyJet Eurowings Ryanair Sundair|
|Elevation AMSL||122 ft / 37 m|
|Coordinates||52°33′35″N 013°17′16″ECoordinates: 52°33′35″N 013°17′16″E|
Berlin Tegel “Otto Lilienthal” Airport (German: Flughafen Berlin-Tegel „Otto Lilienthal“) (IATA: TXL, ICAO: EDDT) is the main international airport of Berlin, the federal capital of Germany. The airport is named after Otto Lilienthal and is the fourth busiest airport in Germany, with 20.5 million passengers in 2017 and about 22 million in 2018. The airport is a hub for Eurowings as well as a base for EasyJet. It features flights to several European metropolitan and leisure destinations as well as some intercontinental routes.
It is situated in Tegel, a section of the northern borough of Reinickendorf, 8 km (5.0 mi) northwest of the city centre of Berlin. Tegel Airport is notable for its hexagonal main terminal building around an open square, which makes walking distances as short as 30 m (98 ft) from the aircraft to the terminal exit. As of June 2020, Tegel is scheduled to be replaced by Berlin Brandenburg Airport after several delays.
The airport was scheduled to close in June 2012 after Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER) opened, but due to ongoing delays with BER, the future of Tegel has long remained uncertain. A campaign was launched to keep Tegel Airport open, which gathered signatures for a referendum for voters to decide on the future of the airport. In September 2017, a public quorum was held parallel to the German federal election to decide whether Tegel Airport should remain open once Berlin Brandenburg Airport starts its operations. The majority of voters voted in favour of Tegel remaining open; however, the federal authorities and the state of Brandenburg, which together hold a majority against Berlin over the airport’s ownership, already declined that wish shortly afterwards, so the shutdown of Tegel is still planned.
Future plans also involve the redevelopment of Berlin Tegel Airport into the Urban Tech Republic, 221 hectares (550 acres) of building land will be available for up to 800 companies with some 17,500 employees in the Research and Industrial Park alone. In the central airport terminal, the Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin will establish the scientific core of the new technology park, with up to 2,500 students. It is envisaged that the adjoining areas will be used both for research and development and for manufacturing companies. Berlin TXL will also make 80 hectares (200 acres) available for industrial uses – the largest single inner-city development area in Berlin.
Tegel consists of five terminals. As the airport is small compared to other major airports, these terminals might be regarded as “halls” or “boarding areas”; nevertheless, they are officially referred to as “terminals”, even if they share the same building.
The main building is the original part of the airport. It consists of two parts:
Terminal C was opened in May 2007 as a temporary solution because all other terminals operated on their maximum capacity. It was largely used by Air Berlin until its demise. It features 26 check-in counters and the gates numbered C38-C51, C60–C67 (Section C2) and C80-C89 (in the newest addition Section C3). From 2008 until August 2009, 5 additional aircraft stands were constructed and the building was expanded by approximately 50% of its original size, in order to handle another 1.5 million passengers per year. The extended terminal now houses a transit zone for connecting passengers which does not exist at any other terminal at Tegel Airport. Due to noise protection treaties, the overall number of aircraft stands at the airport is restricted, thus aircraft stands on the apron (serving Terminals A and D) had to be removed for compensation. Terminal C is able to handle widebody-aircraft like formerly Air Berlin’s Airbus A330-200s up to the size of a Boeing 747-400 but features no jet bridges.
Terminal D was opened in 2001 and is a converted car park. It features 22 check-in counters (D70–D91), with one bus-boarding gate and two walk-boarding gates. Most passengers of airlines operating smaller aircraft (like Embraer 190s for example) are brought to the remote aircraft stands by bus from here. Terminal D is the only part of the airport that remains open all night long. The lower level arrival area is called Terminal E (Gates E16-E18).
Tegel Airport was originally planned to have a second hexagonal terminal like the main building right next to it. The second terminal ring was never built because of Berlin municipal budgetary constraints and the post-reunification decision to replace the former West Berlin airports with the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport.
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Berlin Tegel Airport:
|airBaltic||Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|American Airlines||Seasonal: Philadelphia|
|British Airways||London–City, London–Heathrow|
|Bulgarian Air Charter||Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna|
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal: Antalya, İzmir|
|Corendon Airlines Europe||Seasonal: Heraklion, Hurghada|
|Croatia Airlines||Seasonal: Split|
Seasonal: Bornholm (begins 2 July 2020)
|Delta Air Lines||Seasonal: New York–JFK|
|easyJet||Aarhus, Agadir, Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg, Granada, Graz, Helsinki, Hurghada, Innsbruck, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Manchester, Marsa Alam, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Rome–Fiumicino, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Toulouse, Venice,Vienna, Zürich|
Seasonal: Alghero, Alicante, Bari, Biarritz, Brindisi, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Jerez de la Frontera, Kefalonia, Kos, Menorca, Montpellier, Naples, Nice, Östersund, Preveza, Pula, Rhodes, Sylt, Zadar
|Eurowings||Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Palma de Mallorca, Salzburg, Stuttgart|
Seasonal: Bastia, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Lanzarote, Rijeka, Sarajevo, Split, Tenerife–South, Zadar
|Iraqi Airways||Baghdad, Erbil|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw–Chopin|
|MIAT Mongolian Airlines||Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Ulaanbaatar|
|Nouvelair||Seasonal: Djerba (resumes 30 June 2020)|
|Onur Air||Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman–Queen Alia|
|Ryanair||Alicante, Faro, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Tel Aviv|
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Paphos, Pula, Rhodes
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda|
Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
|SunExpress||Ankara, Antalya, Izmir|
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Gaziantep
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon (resumes 1 August 2020)|
|TUI fly Deutschland||Cairo, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife–South|
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kos, Marsa Alam, Rhodes
Seasonal charter: Dubai–Al Maktoum
|Turkish Airlines||Ankara, Istanbul|
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Bodrum (begins 19 June 2020), Diyarbakır (begins 27 June 2020), Gaziantep, Hatay (begins 28 June 2020), Izmir, Kayseri (begins 22 June 2020), Samsun, Trabzon
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev–Boryspil|
Tegel Airport doesn’t have a direct rail connection but is connected by several bus routes and motorways.
An underground station directly serving the airport had been planned since the 1960s but it was never built due to the expected closure of Tegel Airport. Note that the Alt-Tegel U-Bahn station and Tegel S-Bahn station do not serve Tegel Airport, but rather the Tegel-quarter of Berlin. Currently (2017) an extension of the Berlin Straßenbahn from Hauptbahnhof to Tegel Airport / and the U6 branch from Kurt-Schumacher Platz to Tegel Airport is being discussed but it is unclear whether this extension will open before the closure of the airport.
The airport has a direct connection to motorway A111 (Exit Flughafen Tegel) which further links it to motorways A10, A110 and A115 (via A110) reaching out in all directions. Taxis and car hire are available at the airport, the city center (Alexanderplatz) can be reached within 25 minutes.
The airport is linked by several BVG bus lines, which offer connection to the U-Bahn and S-Bahn, as well as to Regional Express trains and long distance trains:
Tegel Airport is in regular tariff area B. There is no additional fee for the BVG services from and to the airport.
There are no recorded fatal accidents involving commercial airline operations at Berlin Tegel itself. However, two commercial flights, one of which was due to arrive at Tegel Airport and the other of which had departed the airport, were involved in fatal accidents. These accidents are listed below:
The following notable, non-fatal incidents involving airline operations occurred at Tegel. These include commercial flights that were about to depart or had actually departed/arrived as well as unscheduled stopovers:
There were also two Cold war era incidents relating to an American and a British airliner that had departed Tegel on international non-scheduled passenger services. Both of these occurred in Bulgarian airspace. The former was a charter flight carrying German holidaymakers to the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, the latter a migrant charter en route to Turkey: